LetsComply

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Momota Bhattacharya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Ashish Kumar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Tejaswinee Roychowdhury

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Geetanjali Singh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Heena Jain

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Heena Taneja

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Divya Kathuria

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Nikita Panesar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Guncha Sharma

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Shreyan Acharya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

J. Priyadarshini

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Siddharth Gosain

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Onkar Johar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Sangram Jai Singh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Annuk Ramesh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Jahnavi K. Laungani

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Aman Vashisth

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Vanya Chhabra

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Himanshu Chandra

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Payal Kalhan

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Kanchan Yadav

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Pragati Dwivedi

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

M. Tanvi

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Anusua Bose

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Pallavi Tiwari

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Shreyasi Bhattacharya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Haramrit Kaur Rao

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Sucharita Ghosh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Afzal Badr Khan

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Ashish Mishra

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Sanam Hayat

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Suparno Saha

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Anindita Bhattacharjee

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Swatilekha Chakraborty

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Akash Vijay Wargiya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

HemRaj Singh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Neha Sawal

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Ayush Sariyar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Unnati Vijay

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Abhinav Gaur

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Mahvish Fatma

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

C. Ramya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Chandan Kumar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Aakriti Saxena

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Priyasha Gour

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Divyaish Srivastava

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Vivek Jain

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Sarthak Malhotra

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Arohi badsha

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Tarun Paul Singh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Gunjan Bhagchandani

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Ayush Sariyar

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Sudhanshu Chandra

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Indus water treaty between India and Pakistan is the epitome of the most generous water-sharing pacts in the world. The conflict between India and Pakistan following the attack at the army base in Uri has brought the Indus water treaty to the light again. India seeks to revisit the treaty in order to turn up the heat on Pakistan without actually waging war. But can India turn off the Indus tap to force Pakistan not to allow its territory to be used for cross – border terrorism?

indust-water-treaty_letscomply

Implications of Abrogating the Treaty 

On India

  • India may face environmental damage if it decides to disregard the treaty as the country lacks large-scale storage dams or reservoirs to change the flow of water. Moreover, it would take years to build big dams or reservoirs. There is also a risk of flood attached to building storage facilities. Further, the high seismicity of the region makes the construction of large reservoirs infeasible and would increase the risk of earthquakes.
  • The decision of using the Treaty as means to settle scores with Pakistan may further abet the terror attacks in the country. In order to check terrorist activity, huge security forces will have to be deployed and this would further increase the burden on the Indian economy.
  • It will be unwise on India’s part to abrogate the treaty as it would further deteriorate its relations with Pakistan. Moreover, Pakistan can use the tampering with the pact as a fodder to abet anti-India feelings among people and create propaganda on Kashmir issues.
  • India has similar kind of treaty with other neighbouring countries. The decision to scrap the treaty would make other smaller neighbours uneasy.
  • China is Pakistan’s all-weather friend, and if India uses the treaty as a retributive tool against Pakistan, China might retaliate by stopping the flow of Indus and other rivers like Brahmaputra by building a dam.
  • India needs to keep in mind that 1960 Treaty is an international agreement. Unilateral withdrawal from it will invite global condemnation.

On Pakistan

India’s decision to rescind the treaty would affect Pakistan severely as it is highly dependent upon the water of Indus. About 65% area of Pakistan is a part of the Indus basin river system. The water from the western Indus rivers is essential for drinking, irrigation and other purposes. Thus, If Pakistan is deprived of the water from Indus, the country may face drought – like conditions.

Conclusion

The Indus Water treaty is a simple and most liberal water sharing agreement. The treaty has served the interest of both the countries so far.  India is very much entitled to take an appropriate action in the wake of Uri attack but it should not be a knee-jerk reaction. As a mature country, it will be imprudent on India’s part to unilaterally disregard the Indus Waters Treaty.  India can pressurize Pakistan just by exercising its rights on western rivers. It would be enough to give Pakistan jitters without violating any other provisions of the treaty. Moreover, India, at present, enjoys the moral high ground, the scraping the treaty would lead to a loss of credibility. Since Indus Water Treaty is an international agreement, repealing of the agreement would invite criticisms by world powers and it may affect India dreams of becoming a permanent member of the United Nation Security Council. If India ignores international norms and treats the Indus waters as a tool to punish Pakistan, it will unfortunately lead to huge human insecurity in the neighbouring country. Instead of abrogating the treaty, India can go for its revision as the treaty do not adequately address contemporary issues, like increased population, climatic and environmental pressures.

LetsComply

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Momota Bhattacharya

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Ashish Kumar

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Tejaswinee Roychowdhury

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Geetanjali Singh

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Heena Jain

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Heena Taneja

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Divya Kathuria

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Nikita Panesar

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Guncha Sharma

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Shreyan Acharya

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J. Priyadarshini

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Siddharth Gosain

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Onkar Johar

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Sangram Jai Singh

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Annuk Ramesh

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Jahnavi K. Laungani

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Aman Vashisth

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Vanya Chhabra

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Himanshu Chandra

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Payal Kalhan

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Kanchan Yadav

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Pragati Dwivedi

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M. Tanvi

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Anusua Bose

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Pallavi Tiwari

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Shreyasi Bhattacharya

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Haramrit Kaur Rao

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Sucharita Ghosh

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Afzal Badr Khan

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Ashish Mishra

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Sanam Hayat

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Suparno Saha

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Anindita Bhattacharjee

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Swatilekha Chakraborty

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Akash Vijay Wargiya

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HemRaj Singh

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Neha Sawal

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Ayush Sariyar

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Unnati Vijay

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Abhinav Gaur

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Mahvish Fatma

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C. Ramya

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Introduction

In India, 33 million children are child labourers as per UNICEF report. Poverty, unemployment, ineffective implantation of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, a growth of informal economy coupled with the lack of an adequate social security net tends to upsurge of child labour. In 1986, The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 was constituted in order to protect tender age of children from forced labour and exploitation. In 2012, The Child Labour Amendment Bill, 2012 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha. On July 26, 2016, parliament passed the modified version of the bill that is Child Labour Amendment Bill, 2016. On August 1, 2016, the bill got the nod from the President. The pertinent question that arises here is that whether “The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016” will be an effective instrument in curbing the menace of child labour?. A befitting reply to the question can only be given if we are well acquainted with the core concept of child labour.

Child Labour: What it is?

Child labour is the practice of employing children in any economic activity, either on part or full-time basis. Such practices not only swallow childhood of the children, but also hamper their physical and mental development.

Constitutional Safeguards for Children 

Constitution of India encompasses several provisions for upliftment, development and protection of children. The relevant articles are as follows:

  • Article 15(3) gives the power to the State to enact laws to protect children.
  • Article 21A provides free and compulsory education to all children between the ages of 6 and 14.
  • Article 24 prohibits employment of children under the age of 14 years in hazardous industries.
  • Article 39 (e) provides that the State shall direct its policy to ensure that the tender age of children is not abused.
  • Article 45 provides that State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years.
  • Article 47 provides that it’s the duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and standard of living and to improve public health.

International Conventions and Regulations protecting child labour

The International Labour Organization (ILO), a specific agency of United Nations deals with labour issues. UN Convention on the Rights of Child, 1989 is the most significant international instrument that deals with the rights of children in general. There is eight core ILO Conventions with respect to labour, and out of these India has ratified only four.

Data on Child Labour

  • According to UNICEF, there are 33 million child labourers in India.
  • According to Global Slavery Index, India has the 4th largest estimated prevalence of modern slavery (including child labour) in proportion to its population.
  • The census data of 2011 states that there are 35.3 million child labourers (ages 5 to 19 years).
  • As per the International Labour Organisation (ILO) 2015 report, there are 5.7 million child workers (ages 5 to 17) in India, out of 168 million globally.

Why amend the law?

The following are the reasons behind the said amendment –

  • The earlier Act failed to keep child labour in check.
  • To make it compatible with RTE Act, 2009 and Article 21A of the Indian Constitution, 1950.
  • To recognize adolescent labour as per ILO norms.

 Salient features of the Amended Act

  • Prohibition of employment below the age of 14 years– In the view of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, the Act put the blanket ban on employment of children below 14 years but allow them to work in home, family enterprises, outside of school hours and during holidays, and in audio –visual entertainment industry and sports only if it does not affect their education.
  • A new category of ‘adolescents’ formed– The Act adds a new category of ‘adolescents’ (the 14-18 age group). They can be employed in ‘non-hazardous’ occupations.
  • Stringent punishment – The Act has enhanced the punishment by way of this amendment. For the first time offender, the fine has been increased from 20,000 to 50,000 and imprisonment has been extended from 6 months to 2 years. The offence is cognizable and a punishment of 1-3 year will be awarded to repeat offenders. The Act incorporates relaxed penal provisions for a parent. In a case of a repeat offender, a parent has to pay a fine of 10,000 rupees.
  • Powers conferred on the Central Government– The Act empowers the Central Government-

(i)  To alter the list of hazardous occupation.

(ii) To empower District Magistrate in order to ensure effective implementation of law.

(iii) To conduct periodic inspection of places where children and adolescent cannot be employed.

  • Child and Adolescent Labour Rehabilitation Fund – The Act proposes to set up Child and Adolescent Labour Rehabilitation Fund for rehabilitation of children.
  • Child rehabilitation – The Act puts the onus on the State Government to rehabilitate the child and to extend monetary assistance by giving Rs 15,000 and add the fine from the employer for child’s rehabilitation.

Critical Analysis of the Amended Act 

On the face of it, the amended Act of 2016 seems to be progressive. However, on careful reading, various flaws in the new Act are exposed. The shortcomings of the Act are as follows:

  • Slashed list of hazardous occupation encourages child labour- Reducing the list of hazardous occupation from 83 to just 3 (mining, explosives, and occupations) would only reduce child labourers in number, not in reality. The law is grossly unfair to adolescents as they can be employed in rest 80 hazardous occupations. Section 4 of the Act gives discretionary power to government authorities,not to parliament, to revise the list. Therefore, it will give rise to more child labour.
  • Legalizing Child labour in “family enterprise” will results in forced labour – Section 3 Clause 5 of the Act permits a child to work in family or family enterprises and in an audio-visual entertainment industry. The said provision is detrimental as it does not define the hours of work. It simply provides that only after school hours and during vacation child can work. Such legal provision is likely to be misused in the Indian context and would pave the way for child labour as most children indeed work in a family-run trade. The term family enterprise is defined as any work, profession or business performed by the members of the family with the help of other persons. Such broader definition would definitely promote caste-based occupation. It will also empower contractors that will, in turn, result in bonded/forced labour. Such provision will have an adverse impact on education, innovative minds, learning outcomes as well as health and overall development of a child.
  • The Act has completely overlooked the vital distinction between children and adults Non – recognition of this distinction is arbitrary and a clear violation of a right to equality embodied under Article 14 of the C Further, the definition of child labour has been altered by the Act as it legitimize child labour in a family business and permits adolescent to work in the non- hazardous occupation.
  • The Act contravene domestic legislations as well as international convention– The Act not only  reverse the gains of  previous laws, but also goes against the spirit of RTE Act of 2009 as it allows a child to work in a family enterprise. It also transgresses international convention such as the International Labour Organization’s (ILO), and UNICEF’s Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which India is a signatory. UNICEF has raised alarm over children employment in family enterprises and reduction in the list of hazardous occupation.
  • The Act lacks the provisions relating to regulation, inspection and monitoring systems. Regulation is going to be a big challenge as the Act does not lay down the criteria to determine whether a particular enterprise is a family enterprise or not. The lack of such provisions leaves the life of children at the hands of the employer.
  • Penalty provisions also suffer from certain loopholes – The Act prescribe penalty only for employment of children and not for bad working conditions. Penalizing parents are bad in law as it will only increase the burden of indigent parents.

Conclusion

The amended Act, display a lack of national commitment to abolishing all forms of child labour and do not resonate with the constitutional objective of elimination of child labour in India. In the context of the socio-economic realities of India and the preservation of the social fabric and learning of traditional occupations, the new Act tweaked the law in such a way that children are readily available for employment. It will push more children into labour and make them subjects of exploitation at the labour market.

LetsComply

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Haramrit Kaur Rao

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Sucharita Ghosh

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Afzal Badr Khan

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Ashish Mishra

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Sanam Hayat

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Suparno Saha

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Anindita Bhattacharjee

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Swatilekha Chakraborty

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Akash Vijay Wargiya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

HemRaj Singh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Neha Sawal

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Ayush Sariyar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Unnati Vijay

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Abhinav Gaur

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Mahvish Fatma

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

C. Ramya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Chandan Kumar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Aakriti Saxena

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Priyasha Gour

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Divyaish Srivastava

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Vivek Jain

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Sarthak Malhotra

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: : May 30th, 2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar Contact info: sanam@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing opens doors for knowledge that is everlasting and enriching”; “Pen is mightier than sword”, I base my actions on this philosophy. My core areas of interests are Constitutional law, Environmental law, ADR, Criminal law and Human Right Laws but why limit the scope of information. Let’s spread our wings and fly high on this intellectual journey.

Arohi badsha

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Tarun Paul Singh

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Gunjan Bhagchandani

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Ayush Sariyar

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Sudhanshu Chandra

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Startup India is a seismic initiative of the Government of India, intended to build a sturdy ecosystem that encourages new ideas and leads to economic growth, and thereby creating large-scale employment opportunities in the country.

India has become the world’s fast growing  economy. With young Indians today have the zeal to work on new and innovative ideas; India is all set to surpass all other nations on the world stage in the near future.

The Startup India movement is on the threshold of a revolution. However, many Startups do not see the light of the day due to limited guidance and access. The most heartening aspect is that the government has become steadfast supporter of start-up and wants to help them achieve success. In order to create conducive and enabling environment for these startups, the Government of India has recently laid down the Action Plan addressing all aspects of the startup ecosystem. The key highlights of an action plan can be summed up as under:

Definition of Startup

The first move rightly taken by the government to make ‘starting a business’ simpler for Startups is defining the word “startup”. Now, Startup is to be viewed differently from the existing businesses. According to the government notification, an entity will be identified as startup if it fulfils following essentials –

  • Up to five years from the date of its incorporation/registration, if it is incorporated or registered in India;
  • In any preceding financial year its annual turnover has not exceeded Rs. 25 crore;
  • And it is devoted towards innovation, deployment, development, or commercialization of new products, processes or services driven by technology or intellectual property.

General Initiatives:

  • Painless Regulatory Measures: Generally, regulatory formalities requiring conformity with various labour and environment laws are complex in nature and time-consuming. In order to boost Startups, the government has simplified the regulatory regime, and thereby allowing Startups to self-certify compliance of labour and environment laws (via Startup mobile app).
  • Conducive Business Environment: Government plans to set up ‘Startup India Hub.’ Ease of doing business is expected to be enhanced by the creation of such hubs. It will enable knowledge exchange and access to funding with the help of various stakeholders such as Central and State Governments, consultant, legal partners, universities, R&D institutions, Indian and foreign VCs, angel networks, banks and incubators.
  • Support through Fund of Funds (FOF): Access to finance is one of the key challenges faced by Startups. Government plans to indirectly invest or fund startups by setting up Fund of Funds (FOF) with a total corpus of INR 10,000 crore spread over a period of 4 years.
  • Support through Credit Guarantee Fund: The government is also going to set-up two credit guarantee fund for startup in order to facilitate loans to micro and small entrepreneurs through MUDRA (Micro Units Development Refinance Agency) and the Stand Up India scheme. The corpus of credit guarantee fund for MUDRA will be Rs 3,000 crore and for Stand Up India Rs 5,000 crore
  • Startup Fests: An essential component for development and growth of Startups is unhindered communication and collaboration within the Startup community. To strengthen the Startup ecosystem, the government plans to introduce Startup fests at national level as well as international stages.
  • Atal Innovation Mission: The government has also launched Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) which aims at boosting innovation and entrepreneurship in India. Besides this, AIM will create a platform for promotion of world-class Start-up businesses, Grand Challenges, Innovation Hubs, and other self-employment activities, especially in technology-driven areas.
  • Establishing Research Parks: It has also been proposed to set-up seven new research parks with an investment of Rs.100 crore each, so that a collaborative environment between industry and academia could be created. These parks shall facilitate companies with R&D activities, and thereby setting-up a base and influencing the expertise of research institutions.
  • Educational Institution Involvement: In order to encourage research and innovation among young students, the government will set up innovation centers at various IIT’s, NIT’s and others educational institution.
  • Private Sector Expertise for Incubator Setup: By this, the government intends to harness expertise of private sector and thus, it has created a policy and framework to set-up incubators in public-private partnership. The aim under this initiatives to manage Govt. sponsored/funded incubators effectively, efficiently and professionally.
  • Annual Incubator Grand Challenge: In order to identify leading Incubators in India, the government plans to launch an annual Incubator Grand Challenge.

Tax Benefits

In order to promote investments into Startups, facilitate unhindered growth of Startups, and to encourage seed-capital investment in Startups, the government has provided the following tax benefits to promising entrepreneur –

  • Tax exemptions on capital gains by investing in start-ups directly or indirectly.
  • 100% Tax exemptions on profits generated by startups for a period of 3 out of their 5 years.
  • Tax exemptions on investment above Fair Market Value.

Regulatory Measures

  • Portal for Interaction: A Mobile app has been launched that will serve as the platform for startups for interacting with the Government as well as Regulatory Institutions. It will help startups quickly get off the ground.  Through the app one can track the status of Registration, download registration certificate, file compliances, obtain clearances and approvals among other things.
  • Legal Assistance and Fast-Track Startup Patent Applications: Government has come up with fast-track examination of patent applications and rebate in fees in order to promote awareness and adoption of IPRs by Startups and assist them in protecting and commercializing the IPRs.
  • Relaxed Norms of Public Procurement: In order to bring Startups (in the manufacturing sector) and the experienced entrepreneurs/companies in public procurement on equal footing and norms for startups has been relaxed by the government when they are applying for tenders floated by PSU.
  • Easy Winding-up Operation: In the event of business failure, government intends to make it easier for startups to exit so that entrepreneurs can experiment with new ideas without fear of cumbersome ‘exit process’.
  • One-Day Incorporation: Bringing in “One- day incorporation” process via a mobile app is an important initiative taken by the government and would be a big boost for promising entrepreneurs.

India’s greatest tax reform – GST

Recently, the long-due crucial legislation Goods and Services Tax (GST) Constitution bill (122nd Amendment) has been passed by Parliament. It will benefit the consumer and small business, as GST will enhance transparency and mitigate the cascading or double taxation effect. GST is deemed to benefit all businesses in India, but startups can cheer for the following reasons:

  • Replacing the current VAT registration process, GST will make it more uniform and centralized. Hence, starting a new business in a state and expansion of business in other states will be easier.
  • GST will provide higher exemption to newly established businesses. According to the current structure, if turnover of a business is more than Rs. 5 lakh, it is required to get VAT registration and pay VAT accordingly. But, under GST, this limit is higher, i.e. upto Rs. 10 lakh. Moreover, a business with turnover between Rs. 10 and 50 lakh will be taxed at a lower rate.
  • Simplified process of tax payment: Presently, a startup spends a lot of time and energy to deal with the various taxes at different points. GST will integrate all indirect taxes (levied by Center and States), and thereby making the process of paying tax simpler for them.
  • GST will not make distinction between sales and services. The tax calculation will be done on total. For example, according to the current structure, restaurants are required to calculate the VAT and service tax on both items (sales and services) separately as they fall under both sales and service taxation. GST will replace this complex process of calculations and bring in a uniform process, under which there will be no distinction between ‘sales of goods’ and ‘rendering of services’ with regard to levying of tax.
  • GST will bring down logistics cost of companies, such as payment of small border etc. and facilitate undisrupted movement of goods across states.

Conclusion

The initiatives taken by the government are commendable as  it will provide a perfect ecosystem to budding entrepreneurs to blossom. With such support from the government, our startup ecosystem will definitely be the best in the world. We just need to wait and watch whether these initiatives  will get implemented efficiently and what would be the outcome.

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