LetsComply

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Momota Bhattacharya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Ashish Kumar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Tejaswinee Roychowdhury

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Geetanjali Singh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Heena Jain

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Heena Taneja

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Divya Kathuria

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Nikita Panesar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Guncha Sharma

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Shreyan Acharya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

J. Priyadarshini

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Siddharth Gosain

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Onkar Johar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Sangram Jai Singh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Annuk Ramesh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Jahnavi K. Laungani

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Vanya Chhabra

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Aman Vashisth

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Himanshu Chandra

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Payal Kalhan

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Kanchan Yadav

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Pragati Dwivedi

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

M. Tanvi

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Anusua Bose

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Pallavi Tiwari

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Shreyasi Bhattacharya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Haramrit Kaur Rao

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Sucharita Ghosh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Afzal Badr Khan

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Ashish Mishra

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Sanam Hayat

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Suparno Saha

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Anindita Bhattacharjee

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Swatilekha Chakraborty

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Akash Vijay Wargiya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

HemRaj Singh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Neha Sawal

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Ayush Sariyar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Unnati Vijay

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Abhinav Gaur

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Mahvish Fatma

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

C. Ramya

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Chandan Kumar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Aakriti Saxena

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Priyasha Gour

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Divyaish Srivastava

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Vivek Jain

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Sarthak Malhotra

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Arohi badsha

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Tarun Paul Singh

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Gunjan Bhagchandani

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Ayush Sariyar

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Sudhanshu Chandra

Designation: Author at LetsComply Date of Joining: February 22nd,2016 Alma Mater: Chanakya National Law University [B.A. LL.B (Hons.)] Location: Patna, Bihar. Contact info: mahvish@letscomply.com Website: www.letscomply.com What She says~ “Writing is not just a test of your academic knowledge; it is a test of your calmness, stability, sincerity and courage.”And I affirm that a platform like this would further enhance my abilities. My areas of interests are Constitutional law, Family law, Criminal law, Human Right Laws and social issues.

Introduction

Meaning of ‘Compensatory Afforestation’

Compensatory Afforestation refers to afforestation activities and regeneration of forest for the purpose of compensating for the forest land being diverted to non-forestry purposes. The ‘non-forest purpose’ refers to clearing or breaking up of any forest area for the purpose as mentioned below;

  • Cultivation of tea, spices, coffee, palms, rubber, horticulture crops or for medicinal purpose, etc.,
  • Or any purpose other than afforestation,

but does not include any activities in relation to ancillary to conservation , management, and development of forest area and wildlife, especially the establishment of fire lines, checks, wireless communications as well as construction of bridges, fences, dams, waterholes, boundary marks, pipelines, or any other like purposes.

Compensatory Afforestation is one the most important steps or initiatives taken by the Central Government in the way of de-reserving or diversion of forest land for non forest purpose.

Previous Legislation on Forest Protection

According to Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 and its rules and guidelines, whenever a forest land is converted for any of the non-forest purpose, the equivalent non-forest land has to be recognized for compensatory afforestation. Any project proponent, the government or private agencies must apply for forest clearance from Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF), before converting the forest land into non-forest land. The funds for raising compensatory afforestation are to be decided by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) and imposed accordingly. The Compensatory Afforestation funds are to be utilised for the development, protection and management of forest and wildlife.

The 2015 Bill on Compensatory Afforestation

In 2008, a bill was passed to establish a proper institutional mechanism for compensatory matters, but it got lapsed due to dissolution of LokSabha. Meanwhile, the functions of the Compensatory Afforestation were carried on by Ad-hoc CAMPA. Finally, to accelerate the activities of Compensatory Afforestation, the Union Cabinet on 29th April, 2015 gave its approval for the introduction of the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill, 2015 in Parliament.

Highlights of the Bill are as follows:

  • The bill attempts to establish the National Compensatory Afforestation Fund under the Public Account of India, and the State Compensatory Fund under the Public Account of each state.
  • The National Fund will receive 10% of the funds and the State Funds will be receiving the remaining 90%. These funds will be utilised for:

(i) Compensatory Afforestation to recompense for the loss of forest, regeneration of forest eco system, wildlife protection and infrastructure development

(ii) Net Profit value of Forest (NPV)

(iii) Other project specific payments

  • NPV constitutes about half of the total funds collected. The Bill so delegates the determination of NPV (value of loss of forest ecosystem) to an expert committee constituted under Central Government.

Later, on May 13th, 2015, Lok Sabha referred this Bill to the department related to Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science and Technology and Environment and Forests. Further, the Committee submitted its report containing 26 recommendations to the Parliament on 26th February, 2016. Out of 26, the Central Government accepted 20 recommendations and relocated 49 official amendments in the Bill i.e Compensatory Afforestation Bill, 2016 on 26th April, 2016. The bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in May, 2016 and by Rajya Sabha in July, 2016.

Criticism of the Bill     

In spite of its promising appearance, the bill has been severely condemned by several environmental conservation groupsfor its inconsistency and short-sightedness.

Firstly, the bill appears to be in direct conflict with the Schedule Tribes and other Traditional Forest dwellers (Recognition of Forests) Act, 2006 i.e. Forests Rights Act, that vests rights of forest management over more than half of India’s forests in tribal and forest-dwelling communities.

Secondly, there appears to be ill-conceived strategies with regards to the funds so allocated for afforestation projects because it usually results into greater expense but little utility.

Thirdly, the lack of recognition of moral and legal rights of the gramasabhas and tribals or the complete absence of local participation reflects that would lead to trickling down of benefits. This indicates the lack of democratic participation.

Fourthly, the bill ignored the recommendations of the Kanchan Chopra Committee and Indian Institute of Forest Management committee on net present value of forests, which recommends for sharing part of compensation with forest dependent communities as well. The fund has grown from Rs 1200 crore to about Rs 40,000 crore in the past decade as a measure of compensation for forest destruction.

Conclusion and Suggestion

From the bare reading of criticism of the bill, one cannot come to any conclusion. But, in the recent statement by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), it was stated that introduction of the bill has ended all the uncertainties that has plagued various key projects under the Ministry of Environment and Forests and seeks to provide more definite access for both the Central and State governments, and accelerate funding in order to ‘restore and improve quality of degraded forests.’ Further, the funds so allocated under this bill, which are intended to be utilised in projects would create employment opportunity to stakeholder tribal communities, and thereby ensuring greater availability of timber and non-timber forests products to the local population. Further, the bill has been structured to fulfil the requirement as laid down by the Supreme Court in T.N. Godavaran Thirumulpad v. Union of India and others[1], which addressed the creation of compensatory afforestation fund, penal compensatory afforestation and additional compensatory afforestation and net present value of the diverted forest land. Thus, it is suggested that this bill should not only work for the benefit of forest, but also the forest-dwellers.


Endnotes

[1] Writ Petition (Civil) No. 202 of 1995

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Introduction

Meaning of “Judicial activism”

Judicial Activism, in its layman’s term, reflects the active role played by the judiciary in promoting justice. It is basically a kind of judicial rulings centred upon personal or political interest.  Black’s Law Dictionary also tends to explain Judicial Activism as a “philosophy of judicial decision-making whereby judges allow their personal views about public policy, among other factors, to guide their decisions.”

It is not all together a separate concept or notion from the usual judicial actions or activities. The word ‘activism’ refers to ‘being active’, or in other words, ‘doing things with decision’. Whereas, the ‘activist’ is the one who favours intensified activities.

Justice Krishna Iyer evidently remarked that every judge is an activist either on the forward gear or on the reverse.

In India, judiciary has become the centre of controversy, in the recent past. Judicial Activism is gaining prominence among the citizen in the form of Public Interest Litigation (PIL), and citizens are getting access to justice.

Judicial activism relies on the idea that the judges undertake the character of an independent policy makers or independent trustees or representatives on behalf of the entire society, and they are further inclined to go beyond their traditional role as interpreters of the Constitution and laws. This notion of judicial activism stands in contrast to judicial restraints.

Origin of Judicial Activism and its course in India

The Constitution has three instrumentalities — Executive, Legislative and Judiciary. The implementation of the State’s laws and policies is the responsibility of the Executive. Whereas, the Parliament consisting of two Houses and legislatures at the State level, makes law. In general, our Constitution works in harmony with these instrumentalities.

However, when the executive or legislature acts arbitrary, or in contrary to the constitutional provisions, the judiciary has the power to correct them by issuing directions under Article 143. Any citizen can approach the Supreme Court for the issue of a writ to defend his or her fundamental rights and onus lies on the Judiciary to provide justice. This conduct of the judiciary is referred as Judicial Activism.

In India, there are two major aspects of Judicial Activism. The first comes in the form of PIL where various directions issued by the courts to the government authorities protecting the rights of the citizen, for example; cases like Agra Protection Home case[1]and Bihar undertrail case[2] etc. The second aspect is in the field of Interpretation of Fundamental Rights, particularly the right to equality (article14), right to freedom (article 19), and the right to Life and personal liberty(article 21). For example, in KeshavanandBharti case,[3] 1973, the Supreme Court formulated the doctrine of ‘Basic Structure’ which restricts the power of Parliament to amend certain features of Constitution.[4]

In the trend of Judicial Activism, a number of cases have been decided by the Judiciary protecting the rights of the people. It is due to Judicial Activism, corruption has much been exposed in higher offices, and thereby initiating penal action against politicians and public servants.

Status quo and Criticism of Judicial Activism in India

The Judicial activism in India is working very well and it has been improving the condition of the governance. The progress of the society is dependent more upon the proper implementation of law to fulfil the need of the people, and since the society has much awareness of its rights and obligations than ever before, the judiciary has to mould and shape the law to deal with such rights and obligations. The mere existence of legislation cannot solve the problems of society at large unless the judges interpret and apply the law to ensure its benefit to the right quarters.[5]

However, the activist nature of the judiciary is often subjected to criticism. It is argued that the judiciary has usurped the role of the legislature and the executive. Secondly, they have interfered in the area where they had no knowledge and expertise. Thirdly, critics also argue that courts are already over-burdened, and PILs would lead to judicial delays.[6]

Conclusion

In view of the above discussion, it is humbly submitted that judicial activism has been a very useful tool in Indian democracy and it has improved the quality of our governance and has brought reforms in the governance of the country. The only thing the judiciary must keep in mind is that not to overstep the limitations prescribed in the Indian Constitution. In the grab of Judicial Activism, sometimes the judiciary encroach upon the affairs of other two branches of government, particularly executive, in policy formulation which, in turns, becomes in conflict with them, and thereby, ultimately leading to debate of Judicial Activism verses Judicial overreach.


Endnotes

[1]Dr.UpendraBaxi (I) vs State Of Uttar Pradesh , AIR 1987 SC 191.

[2]HussainaraKhatoon v. State of Bihar, AIR 1979 SC 1360.

[3]KeshavanandBharti v. State of Kerela, AIR 1973 SC 1461.

[4]Krishna Iyer, V.R. “Judicial Activism in India”,Universal Law Publishing Co., (First Edition), 2013, Pg125.

[5]Krishna Iyer, V.R. “Judicial Activism in India”,Universal Law Publishing Co., (First Edition), 2013, Pg 3.

[6]Krishna Iyer, V.R. “Judicial Activism in India”,Universal Law Publishing Co., (First Edition), 2013, Pg130.

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